Are You Killing Your Car by Letting It Idle Too Long?

You might let your car idle while you’re parked for a few minutes, stuck in traffic or at a red light, in the drive-through line, waiting for school pick-up, or in the winter if you want the heater to warm up. But is it bad for cars to idle too long? We take a look at whether you’re killing your vehicle by letting it idle a lot.

What happens when a car idles?

Cars idle in Manhattan traffic
Cars idle in Manhattan traffic | Mark Peterson/Corbis via Getty Images

When a car idles, the engine runs at low power, but the car isn’t moving. It might be in park or have the brake on. The engine continues using gas and keeps warming. In addition, other systems, like the battery and air conditioning, continue operating as well.

Some drivers leave a car idling because they’ve heard that stopping and starting the engine can hurt the vehicle. However, this is just a myth for most cars.

Does letting your car idle for long periods damage it?

The good news is that letting your car idle does not damage it.

But that doesn’t mean idling is a great idea. One big concern for human safety is carbon monoxide poisoning. Do not leave the car running in a confined space, like a garage, because that could be harmful or fatal. Leave a car running only in a well-ventilated area, like outside.

Eventually, your car would run out of gas after idling for a long time, but you also risk draining the battery because the slow-running engine is also pulling power from the battery. The alternator keeps charging the battery while the car is idling, but other electrical parts, like the headlights and radio, may also be drawing power from the battery.

Plus, your engine could overheat while idling, but that’s likelier to happen if there’s an existing mechanical problem. However, running the car over time causes deterioration of the head gasket, spark plugs, and cylinder rings.

It’s best to limit idling to a few minutes at a time. After that, turn off the car or move it. J.D. Power recommends that even when driving in traffic. It’s still fine to turn off your car while stuck in a traffic jam that moves only a little every few minutes. Newer cars with a stop-start feature do this automatically.

Also, vehicles built since the 1990s have fuel injection parts and are fine to stop and restart. If you’re driving an older car, stick with idling rather than stopping and starting multiple times. Also, if your car is nearly out of gas, you should continue idling rather than stopping and starting it. Starting the engine generally uses more gas than leaving it on briefly.

Even if it isn’t bad for your car, it’s bad for the environment

An idling car wastes gas and burns oil, which is bad for the environment. Running the car for two minutes burns the same amount of gas as driving for a mile. Running the car for more than an hour burns up almost a gallon of gas, WBTV reports. Burning more oil means more frequent oil changes.

Using gas and oil also creates emissions from the exhaust system, increasing air pollution and bad for the environment. For this reason, some states have laws restricting idling.

“Idling for more than 10 seconds uses more fuel and produces more emissions that contribute to smog and climate change than stopping and restarting your engine does,” the U.S. Department of Energy states.

If reducing emissions isn’t enough to persuade you not to idle, know that turning off the car saves gas costs.

For the most part, leaving a gas-powered car’s engine running for a long period is fine for the car. However, it risks a mechanical problem, an empty gas tank, or a drained battery. It’s also a bad idea for environmental reasons.

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