ATVs, UTVs, Side-by-sides, quads––whatever you call them. People often wonder how legal (or safe) it is to ride one of these on the street. Sometimes access to a certain trails system is only a short ride on a road away from the property on which the off-road recreational vehicle like the Honda Pioneer is kept. Is it really necessary to load everything up on a trailer and haul it to the trails? Or can you just cruise down the street and duck into the woods at the trail opening?
In Europe, apparently, it’s common to see street legal quad––according to World of ATVs. We’re guessing that a UTV or side-by-side wouldn’t be too wild a sight either. But what about over here in the states? Surely there are detailed rules and regulations. What happens when you take a Honda Pioneer on the street? Are Honda Pioneers street legal?
ATVs can go through a process called “homologation” that guarantees they meet certain standards established by the European Commission. Once they pass, these 4 wheelers can be licensed as “quadricycles.”World of ATVs
Forest Service or National Park Service writes and enforces any Federal regulations for side-by-sides. However, there are specific regulations for each regional Forest or Park. Before you travel to any of these places, it’s good to check the rules. That way you know which trails are legal for ORV or UTVs.
Additionally, you can find out what the laws are in terms of whether or not you can drive your quad on the streets fairly easily. A quick call to a National Park or Forest Service location or some browsing of the respective website can answer a lot of questions. This document for the San Juan National Forest for Off Highway Vehicles (OHV) is a great example of rules and regulations set by the Federal Forest Service.
Laws are state by state
The Honda Pioneer is one of the most popular UTVs in America. But be sure to check the laws in your state before taking it on the pavement. Each state has a specific set of rules for whether or not the Honda Pioneer is street legal. For example, in the state of Michigan off road vehicles(ORVs)––also known as ATV, UTV, quads, and side-by-sides––are strictly prohibited from roads, shoulder, or right of way. A Honda Pioneer is not street legal there unless it has been registered as a motor vehicle by the secretary of state.
In Texas, on the other hand, the rules and regulations are tighter. It’s not really feesible to expect any legal on road riding of a Honda Pioneer in Texas. In other states like Arizona, it’s easy and fairly common to equip and register a side-by-side quad for on road travel. Not so for Texas UTV owners.
‘ATV use is not permitted on the public roads of Texas. The exceptions are for (1) a farmer or rancher travelling less than 25 miles; (2) a public utility worker; or (3) a law enforcement officer.’ATV Man
How to make a quad street legal
Realistically, these vehicles are not designed for driving on the street. The tires are not nearly as safe on pavement, as they are designated for off-roading. However, there are some areas where dirt roads are the norm and it is popular in more rural regions such as these to equip a quad such as the Honda Pioneer with the appropriate equipment to make it street legal.
Again, state standards vary. In fact, if you check the laws and it’s allowed in your area, you may consider whether or not you really need to make your Honda Pioneer street legal. Can you justify the investment? According to Super ATV, if you decide to move forward with the project, you’ll have to add equipment. This includes things like regulation turning signals and rearview mirrors.