Skip to main content

MotoGP-level technology does often trickle down to the everyday motorcycle rider. Take, for example, airbag jackets. But while modern high-end sportbikes and superbikes do have some racing tech, they’re not race bikes. However, when the line between road and racing was blurrier, manufacturers like Ducati often sold competition-spec motorcycles for public use. And in the ‘60s, if you wanted to be like the Isle of Man TT racers, you wanted a Ducati Mach 1.

The 1964-1966 Ducati Mach 1 was the fastest 250cc motorcycle in the world

A black-clad rider on a red-and-silver 1967 Ducati Mach 1 leads 1966 BMW R50 and 1969 Norton Commando at a 2004 Hamburg, Germany race
1967 Ducati Mach 1 leads 1966 BMW R50 and 1969 Norton Commando at a 2004 Hamburg, Germany race | Kati Jurischka/Bongarts/Getty Images

Today, a 250cc single-cylinder motorcycle sounds like beginner-bike material. However, in the ‘50s and ‘60s, Ducati’s early days, that was a genuine race bike recipe. There were even Grand Prix races held for 125cc bikes. So, when Ducati unveiled the 1964 Mach 1, it caused quite a stir.

With a 106-mph top speed, the Ducati Mach 1 was the fastest 250cc road-going bike in the world, Hagerty reports. And it’s worth pointing out that the bike could do 106 mph in road-legal trim, meaning with lights and a muffler. This performance comes from a 28-hp 249cc single-cylinder engine linked to a five-speed transmission, Motorcycle Classics reports.

The side view of a red-and-silver 1965 Ducati Mach 1 on a gravel driveway
1965 Ducati Mach 1 side | Bring a Trailer

28 hp and five speeds don’t sound like much today. However, the Ducati Mach 1 only weighs 226 pounds dry. That’s less than a 2022 Honda Grom, which also has a five-speed transmission, but only a 10-hp 125cc single-cylinder engine. And unlike with the Grom, the engine in the Mach 1 acts as a stressed member. So, for the time, the Mach 1 had “‘powerful acceleration,'” Bike-urious reports.

Also, rather than using chains or belts, the single-cylinder engine’s camshaft is driven by bevel gears, RideApart reports. They’re more expensive to produce and louder, Cycle World reports, but they’re significantly more durable. Plus, compared to its predecessor, the Mach 1 has a stronger piston, larger valves, a sportier camshaft, and stronger springs, H&H and Bonhams report.

The Mach 1 gave Ducati its first Isle of Man TT win

The handlebars, fuel tank, and dials of a red 1965 Ducati Mach 1 on a gravel driveway
1965 Ducati Mach 1 handlebar detail | Bring a Trailer

But Ducati gave the Mach 1 more racing-ready features than just its engine. The bike also has factory clip-on bars, rear-set footpegs and controls, and a solo seat, Cycle World reports. It even has an adjustable steering damper. And getting it ready for race duty involved little more than adding a fairing and removing the mufflers, Silodrome reports.

Speaking of racing, the Mach 1 didn’t give Ducati its first major racing victory. And it wasn’t the first Ducati road bike to benefit from the brand’s iconic desmodromic valves. Those came with the Mach 1’s replacement, the 250 Mark 3, Hagerty reports.

However, the Mach 1 did give Ducati its first Isle of Man TT win, Bike Exif reports. Admittedly, the win came in 1969, two years after the end of production. But even so, the Mach 1 was still cutting-edge enough for Alastair Mike Rogers to win the 250cc Production TT. And remember, this was a motorcycle ordinary people could go into a Ducati dealer and buy.

It’s a rare and collectible classic motorcycle

Partly because the Ducati Mach 1 was ready to race from the start, many examples were modified or crashed over the years, Silodrome reports. And because the Mach 1 went by different names, exact production numbers are hard to come by. Estimates range from less than 800 to under 2000, Back to Classics and Bike Exif report.

The rear 3/4 view of a red-and-silver 1965 Ducati Mach 1 on a gravel driveway
1965 Ducati Mach 1 rear 3/4 | Bring a Trailer

As a result, an original Mach 1 can be pricey, though not unreasonably expensive. Well-maintained examples can go for under $10k, Hagerty reports. But expect to pay a premium for pristine Mach 1s. For example, a restored 1965 example recently sold on Bring a Trailer for $19,000.

Follow more updates from MotorBiscuit on our Facebook page.


The Honda CB400F Is a Classic 1970s Japanese Sportbike