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You probably don’t think about tanks unless you’re a soldier or fan of military history. However, armies still use these armored fighting vehicles. And the news about the Russian invasion of Ukraine might have some wondering how many tanks Russia has and their condition.

The Russian military has 12,500 tanks in its arsenal, according to HITC. Some models, like the T-34-85, are available only in museums. However, here are five that Russia reportedly still uses.

T-14 Armata

Russian Army T-14 Armata tanks in Moscow in May 2015
Russian Army T-14 Armata tanks in Moscow in May 2015 | Sean Gallup/Getty Images

According to Business Insider, the United States’ M1A2 SEP V3 Abrams tank has a range of 2.4 miles, making it a deadly weapon. However, the Russian T-14 Armata can fire a laser-guided missile up to 7.4 miles. It comes equipped with a high-velocity 125mm cannon.

It’s one of the most advanced tanks in Russia’s arsenal because of its range and speed. It’s also the fastest tank on this list, with a max speed of 56 mph. Some observers believe that in the near future, the tank could be updated enough to operate unmanned. The operators would be nearby, using remote controls to maneuver the tanks without climbing inside. 

Currently, operators can sit in a more secure position within the tank and use a remote control to operate it. That means they’re in a safer position than they would be in a different tank.

The T-14 Armata debuted during the 2015 May Moscow Victory Day Parade, Army Technology reports. It can hold up to three crew members and weighs 48 tons. 

By comparison, the U.S. Army reports that the M1A2 SEP V3 Abrams can also be equipped with nuclear/biological/chemical (NBC) survivability, advanced thermal sensors, and powerful computing upgrades that give it an additional edge.


The T-80 tank came out in 1976, but developers went back to the drawing board to improve it. That led to the creation of the T-80U.

It comes equipped with a 9M119 Refleks anti-tank guided missile system. A 125mm cannon fires it. There are 3,000 in reserve and 450 ready to roll out.

According to Army Technology, T-80U can man up to three crew members and weighs 46 tons. It can go 44 mph on roads and almost 19 mph cross-country.


An updated version of the T-72, the T-72B3 main battle tank boasts the same Refleks anti-tank guided system as the T-80U. Russia uses 1,900 of these tanks and has 7,000 in reserve. This model is the most numerous in the country’s arsenal.


Russia first produced the T-90A in 1992, so this tank is entering its 30th birthday. It’s equipped with a 2A46M 125mm smoothbore cannon and can reach 37 mph. About 350 are active, while 250 are held in reserve. The T-90A has the fewest in number on this list.


The T-64 debuted in the 1960s, making it nearly 60 years old and the oldest on this list. This model comes with a 125mm cannon. The T-64’s top speed is 27 to 34 mph, depending upon the model. Its the slowest tank on this list.

Though Russia no longer uses T-64s on the battlefield, the country holds 2,000 in reserve.